The Special Collections and Archives Initiative is an innovative program that attracts, builds, and cares for major in-depth collections of accomplished but perhaps under-appreciated artists of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The first five artists invited to participate in this era of collections growth already were represented in the FWMoA collection and have long-standing relationships with our curators. Those artists include Steven Sorman, Robert Kipniss, Katja Oxman, David Shapiro, and Dennis McNett, who are masters of their craft and have made lasting contributions to the evolution of contemporary American art.
The origins of this new era of collections growth can be traced to the 1980s when FWMoA began collecting the work of Steven Sorman. As the relationship grew stronger, Sorman expressed to FWMoA in 2013 his desire to donate a large body of work; in fact, he wished to donate a comprehensive body of work that would represent his career as a painter and printmaker. In 2014, the gift was made official, and 230 works of art by Steven Sorman found their home at FWMoA.
Soon, peers of Sorman and other artists took note of our ambitions and were attracted to the spirit of what we were building: by accepting large quantities of work by individual artists, we would preserve the legacies of important American artists who by caring for their definitive bodies of work.
Altogether, just over 1,300 works of art have been donated by this group of artists in the last 4 years.
Steven Sorman (b. 1948, Minneapolis, MN)
Sorman’s gift to FWMoA in 2014 includes 230 prints and paintings, with promised gifts of one print from each edition he creates in perpetuity.
Sorman earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the University of Minnesota in 1971. Sorman is noted for abstract prints and paintings that are visually complex and full of detail and vivid color. Art critic and curator Mason Riddle noted the subtle evolution and reinvention of Sorman as he wrote, “Where some artists make a career out of bold stylistic shifts, Sorman excels in a consistency of artistic practice. With the eye of a connoisseur, he discriminately borrows formal elements from the aesthetic trove of his past to create a more visually compelling present.”
Since 1970, over 80 one- artist exhibitions have featured Sorman’s work. In the 1970s, prestigious exhibits included the Paper as Medium, Smithsonian Institute; The National Print Exhibition at the Brooklyn Museum and the 13th International Biennial of Graphic Art in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia. In the 1980s, Sorman was invited to exhibit at the Bienal Americana de Artes Graficas at the Museo de Arte La Tertulia in Columbia.
Although the FWMoA has collected artwork by Sorman since 1985, it wasn’t until nearly 20 years later when FWMoA’s Sorman collection began to blossom, thanks to gifts from local collectors and strategic purchases. Sorman’s work had always been a favorite of FWMoA CEO and Chief Curator Charles Shepard since he encountered it as a graduate student at Williams College while helping organize the now-famous 1984 exhibit The Modern Art of the Print at the Museum of Fine Arts Boston.
(L) Steven Sorman, those from far away (iv), linocut and hand coloring on Japan paper, 1989.
(R) Steven Sorman, castle danger, Lithograph, woodcut, engraving, collagraph, hand coloring on Rives BFK, 1995.
Gifts of Steven Sorman in memory of David Shapiro. Copyright Steven Sorman.
Robert Kipniss (b. 1931, Brooklyn, NY)
Kipniss’ gift to FWMoA in 2016 includes 110 mezzotints and lithographs
Painter, printmaker, and writer Robert Kipniss’ first art class was at the Art Students League in 1947. He eventually earned a Master of Fine Arts from the University of Iowa, and in the early 1950s he was awarded his first one-man show in New York City.
In 1963, he sold forty paintings, and more success followed. In 1967 Kipniss tried drypoint and lithography, and they were represented by Associated American Artists. began making mezzotints in the late 1980s and by 1990 the majority of his prints were mezzotints. His subjects often include austere limbs of trees; spare, modest houses with simple shapes, and shadowy interior scenes. Although his scenes hint at the presence of human life, the absence of figures speaks to his interest in the poetry of our surroundings and the grace inherent to the unspoken atmosphere.
Since 1951, Kipniss’ work has been included in solo exhibitions at the Tyler Museum of Art in Tyler, TX; The Mississippi Museum of Art; Springfield Museum of Art in Springfield, OH; and the Fort Wayne Museum of Art. Group exhibitions include those at the Metropolitan Museum of Art; the Figge Art Museum in Davenport, IA; and the New Britain Museum of American Art in New Britain, CT. He has received lifetime achievement awards from the The Artists’ Fellowship and the Society of American Graphic Artists, both in New York City. Selected public collections include the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Katja Oxman (b. 1942, Munich, Germany)
Oxman’s gift to FWMoA in 2016 includes 95 etchings and aquatints, plus assorted printing plates and ephemera.
Oxman came to the United States at the age of 9 and studied printmaking and painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1962-1965. She studied at the Academy of Munich, Germany, in 1966 where she continued to execute large-scale woodcuts. Oxman has served as Visiting Critic at the Pennsylvania Academy of fine Art; Director of the Ben Shahn Graphic Workshop at the Skowhegan School of Painting & Sculpture, Skowhegan, Maine; and Artist-in-Residence, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.
Oxman creates richly textured color etchings in her precise style. Her multi-plate aquatint etchings present complex still lifes of richly-patterned Oriental rugs upon which rest an overwhelming array of shadow-less objects. The artist selects from a collection of items that includes opened letters and envelopes; picture postcards from museums; birds, feathers and nests; potted plants; oriental boxes; ripe fruits and vegetables. The objects in Oxman's still lifes appear to levitate as a result of the artist's tilted, nearly bird's eye, perspective. The viewpoint alludes to Japanese woodblock prints. A sense of stability and calm emanates from her minutely detailed printed surfaces and their warm, earthy, subtle range of tones.
In 1967 Oxman was awarded a prestigious Certificate in Printmaking from the Royal College of Art, London, England, where she specialized in etching. The artist has been honored with dozens of grants and awards, including three prizes from 1996-2000 from the National Academy of Design in New York.
Oxman's etchings are in permanent United States collections at the National Museum of Women in the Arts; the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art; the National Academy of Design; the Philadelphia Museum; the New Jersey State Museum; the Smithsonian Institution; the U.S. Department of State; the University of Delaware; the University of Maryland; the American University.
Katja Oxman, The Sound of Water over Rocks, 2003
Gifts of Katja Oxman. Copyright Katja Oxman.
David Shapiro (1944-2014, born in Brooklyn, NY)
Shapiro’s 2016 gift of nearly 800 prints and paintings is the largest in scope and value in the history of the Fort Wayne Museum of Art.
Shapiro earned a BFA from the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, followed by a MFA from Indiana University. His work is included in many public and private collections including The Museum of Modern Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; and the Cleveland Museum of Art.
Shapiro’s work often features adjacent square or rectangular panels united by a color scheme or spectrum that is broken with changes in patterning. The titles of his works invoke meditative practices of Eastern traditions, such as “Clearing” the mind, the “Savasan” yogic posture, “Mudra” (a symbolically significant Buddhist or Hindu hand gesture), or the concept of the “Origin and Return”— the starting and ending of meditation and even life in one state of consciousness. His works from the seventies evoke a balancing of geometric shapes and expressive calligraphic backgrounds. In the 1980s, Shapiro began working in multi-panel compositions that reference Japanese screens. Over the course of his career, Shapiro created over fifty editions and worked with IFPDA members Tandem Press, Wildwood Press, and Goya-Girl Press.
(L) David Shapiro, Seer, Actor, Knower, Doer 41, acrylic on canvas, 2002
(R) David Shapiro, Birnham Woods 5, acrylic on canvas, 1978.
Gifts of Yara Trokel. Copyright David Shapiro.
Dennis McNett (b. 1972, Virginia Beach, VA)
McNett’s 2016 gift to FWMoA includes 88 linocut, woodcut, and silkscreen prints.
Philadelphia-based artist Dennis McNett considers himself a storyteller at heart whose inventive and imaginative personal mythology about the world directly translates into the lively works he creates. Drawing from varied sources, including traditional folklore as well as popular culture stories, he continues to innovate while still honoring age-old traditions.
McNett earned a Master of Fine Arts from Pratt Institute and a Bachelor of Fine Arts from Old Dominion University in Virginia. McNett has over 20 years of experience specializing in woodcarving and wood block/relief printmaking. While wood engraving itself has its roots in 2D applications, McNett transcends those limitations by using carved markings as the basis for relief prints which become collage materials. They are then used to bring to life grandiose, three-dimensional installations at museums, art centers, galleries, city streets and other diverse environments.
Having shown internationally in places like The Victoria and Albert Museum in London and notable domestic spaces like the Jonathan LeVine Gallery and Joshua Liner Gallery in New York City, McNett has also contributed as a visiting artist and lecturer at Universities throughout the country. He has been heralded in the past by The New York Times, Houston Chronicle, NPR, and Juxtapoz Art & Culture Magazine. In 2014-15, McNett completed a residency supported by the National Endowment for the Arts at the John Michael Kohler Art Center, and in 2009 was awarded a grant by the New York Foundation for the Arts.
(L) Dennis McNett, Winter Deity, enamel silkscreen, 2016.
(R) Dennis McNett, Fiery Eagle, silkscreen with linocut, 2009.
Gifts of Dennis McNett. Copyright Dennis McNett.